We all know that viral and bacterial infection is common in rainy and winter season, especially in children. In both the infections body cells fight with the virus and bacteria which results in fever.Virus or bacteria use our body as a host to replicate. Fever makes the body less favorable as a host to replicate them, which are temperature sensitive.Fever is not a disease but you can say it as an indicator of some infection.You need to take extra care of children in case of fever because children can not express their feeling, also continuous monitoring has to be done during the night. We have to monitor as per the fever spike pattern.
The normal temperature of our body differs from person to person, so it is difficult to tell the exact fever temperature. Generally, according to the doctors when the body temperature goes beyond 100°F, it is a fever.As fever is an indicator of infection, pay attention to other symptoms also. Such as if the child has a runny nose and cough along with the fever, probably it indicates the viral infection or common cold. If your child has diarrhea or vomiting along with the fever, probably it indicates stomach infection.
If your child is active enough and eating properly, then it might be only a viral fever. Viral fever causes due to viral infection, till now there is no effective medicine available for viral infection. If your doctor is giving you any antibiotic, then it is not for the viral infection but when someone is suffering from viral infection their body becomes prone to other infection also. To avoid these infections doctor suggests antibiotics.
Do's and Don't while dealing with fever.
Wipe the child’s body with a lukewarm or normal water.
Take a bowl filled with lukewarm or normal water and a clean cotton cloth or a handkerchief.
Soak the cloth in the water. Remove the excess water. Wipe the child’s body and keep it on child’s forehead. When the cloth or handkerchief becomes warm, remove it and repeat the procedure.
Don’t use ice-cold water for sponging otherwise the child will feel shivering and after that temperature may increase suddenly.
Remove the warm clothes:
Whenever the temperature of the body increases, the person feels cold or shivering. At this time most of the parents make a mistake to cover the child with a blanket or woolen clothes.
If the child is shivering while the temperature is increasing you can cover him with a cotton cloth but try to avoid woolen clothes or blankets, as it does not allow the body heat to dissipate and because of this, the temperature may not reduce quickly or it may cause to increase in temperature.
Keep the child hydrated:
Sweating may cause dehydration so it is important to increase the intake of fluids. Fluids also help to maintain the body temperature.
You can give homemade fruit juice, lemonade, buttermilk or coconut water to the child.
Oral Readrehydration Solutions (O.R.S. or Electrolyte) are also available in a market. Electrolyte solutions also come in different fruit flavors.
Because of the fever, the child may refuse to have more fluid at one time, so try to give fluid in a small amount after a regular time interval.
Keep the Room Airy:
Keep the windows open and room ventilated. It will help to reduce the temperature.
Change the Diet:
Try to avoid the following food as much as possible
Soda or energy drinks, Red meat, Fried food, Refined carbohydrates such as white bread, pastries etc.
Instead of these foods you can eat
Fruits such as orange, apple, strawberry etc
Vegetables such as carrot, spinach, capsicum etc
Whole grains such as rice, wheat, oats, millet etc
Nuts such as almonds, cashew nut, dried fig etc
Also, increase the intake of vitamin C and magnesium.
Post treatment observation of body temperature
If your child is suffering from the severe infection, you may force to give the medicine frequently to reduce the temperature (less than 6 hours interval) and if it continues for 2 to 3 days then maybe afterwards the body temperature may drop less than 96°F as a side effect of paracetamol overdose. It comes to normal within 7 to 10 days. But if it continues after 10 days also, you will need to visit a doctor because if the temperature goes down beyond 95°F to 94°F it may become dangerous.